Studying the Inherited diseases in the Mesholash Arab population.

 

Dr. Rajach Sharkia, The Triangle R&D-center

Abstract

The prevalence of genetic diseases In the Israeli Arab population is relatively high. The major cause for this high rate of genetic diseases are attributed to very high rates of consanguinity, in addition to other factors as the geographic isolation of the Israeli Arab villages.  The prevalence of consanguineous marriages is related (implicated) with high rates of morbidity and mortality in this population. It is possible to decrease the frequency of genetic diseases in the Arab society of Israel by planning and implementing a program with combined strategies. The first strategy is health education and health promotion, with an emphasis to increasing the awareness about the risks resulting from consanguineous marriages in the Israeli-Arab population. The second strategy is to characterize, identify, and diagnose the various types of inherited genetic diseases that are common in the Arab community in Israel. The characterization of the common genetic diseases in this population is important to provide necessary information for genetic counseling prevention programs. On this study, both the strategies have been explored.